What is a stomach lump, its symptoms, factors, prevention, testing, treatment, complication

Due to a lump in the stomach, a part of the stomach becomes swollen or bulge, which appears outside the abdominal area. There are several possible causes that can cause abdominal lumps such as hernia, lipoma, hematoma (blood clotting under the skin), tumor formation, and some testicular problems. 

The lump of the abdomen may be hard or soft and may also feel pain. However, sometimes there are no symptoms due to a lump in the abdomen.

In addition, in some cases, a lump in the abdomen may also be accompanied by other symptoms, such as abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, constipation, constant weight loss or nausea and vomiting. To test this condition, the doctor will do a physical examination of you and get previous information related to your health. 

In addition, doctors may ask you to have some tests done, including CT scan, MRI scan, blood test and skin biopsy.

Treatment of a lump in the stomach depends on its cause. Some types of medicines and operation procedures are involved in its treatment. During the treatment of abdominal lumps, the lump is kept under observation and awaited to heal.


Table of content (TOC)


What is a stomach lump?

Any type of swelling or bulge in the abdominal area that has come out of the stomach, that condition is called a lump in the stomach. In most cases, a soft lump is formed in the stomach but in some cases it can be hard, depending entirely on the internal causes of the stomach.

Symptoms of stomach lump

The symptoms and signs associated with the lump in the stomach depending on the condition that caused the lump in the stomach. Common symptoms of abdominal lumps include:

  • Abdominal distension
  • stomach ache
  • Change in appetite
  • Feeling like nausea and vomiting
  • Chest pain
  • Pain in urination
  • Constipation
  • No stool on time
  • Changes in urination such as too much or too little urine
  • Jaundice (may occur in some cases)
  • Abdominal weakness or feeling overweight
  • The feeling of stomach pressure
  • Feeling pain while lifting weights
  • Diarrhea
  • Burning sensation around the lump
  • Difficulty swallowing

When should the doctor see?

The following conditions should be shown to the doctor as soon as possible:

If you are having a lot of pain, which you are unable to bear.

  • If you have a fever.
  • Feeling pain in the lump.
  • Constipation for several days.
  • Rapid weight gain or occurrence.
  • The lump of the stomach is growing rapidly.

Why is there a lump in the stomach? Causes and risk factors for stomach lumps

The possible cause of a lump in the stomach depends on its location, the area of ​​the abdomen in which the lump remains. If a lump appears in the upper abdomen (stomach lining), it may also be a skin lump or hernia. 

Some of the most common causes of stomach lumps are given below:

Cyst: Cysts are also known as extraordinarily increased abdominal fat, which is filled with fluid, other infected matter. Sometimes cysts are also considered to be the cause of increased abdominal fat. Cysts that usually increase abdominal fat:

  • Ovarian cyst - cysts around the ovary
  • Cholecystitis - It is often caused by gallstones. The gallbladder blocks the duct going out of the gallbladder, causing gall bladder inflammation and redness.

Hematoma :

In this condition blood accumulates under the skin, resulting in blood vessels breaking. A hematoma is usually caused by some type of injury.

Lipoma: 

Lipoma is a type of lump formed under the skin, which is made up of fat. On touching it, it feels light hard, and rubbery, and moves around.

Undescended testicle:

During fetal development, the testes form in the stomach and then descend into the testicles.  In some cases, some or both tests do not come down completely.  In such a situation, a lump appears in the waist between the abdomen and thigh area of ​​the newborn.

Inguinal hernia:

When the stomach lining becomes weaker than elsewhere and part of the intestine or other soft tissue breaks the weakened lining of the stomach and leaves it often, this condition is called inguinal hernia.

Cancer:

Some types of cancer that often result in a lump in the stomach:

  • Colon cancer
  • Kidney cancer
  • Liver cancer


Some other diseases that can cause lumps in the stomach-

There are also some diseases due to which lumps in the stomach can develop. It includes

Crohn's disease:

It is a type of inflammatory bowel disease, due to which inflammation and inflammation of the digestive system start.

abdominal aortic aneurysm:

In this situation, the size of the blood vessel that carries blood to the abdomen, pelvis, and legs increases.

Pancreatic abscess:

In this condition, an abscess is formed inside the pancreas which is filled with pus.

Diverticulitis:

In this condition, there is swelling, redness, or infection in the diverticula. The diverticulum is a normal sac that develops in the weak parts of the intestine and colon.

  • Increased kidney size due to urinary problems
  • Spleen size
  • Liver enlargement

When is the risk of developing a lump in the stomach increased?

There are some conditions that increase the risk of stomach lumps:

  • Excess of body weight or obesity
  • To smoke
  • A stomach operation was recently performed to treat stomach blisters
  • Eating smoked pickles and high salt foods
  • Working in a coal, metal, wood, or rubber factory

Prevention of Abdominal Lump 

Most causes of abdominal lumps cannot be stopped. However, making lifestyle changes can help:

  • Do not consume foods that cause acid reflux
  •  Do not lift heavy objects
  •  Do not force too much during bowel movements
  •  Get him treated as soon as he gets sick so that he can be saved from cough.
  •  Do not do any activity like lying down or turning after meals
  •  Special types of exercises should be done to strengthen the weak muscles
  •  Should quit smoking
  •  Must maintain a healthy weight
  •  Eating light food should be preferred

Diagnosis of Abdominal Lump

To test the condition, doctors first examine your symptoms as well as obtain previous information related to your health. Doing this helps the doctor find out where the lump in your abdomen is.

With the help of this test, they are helped to find out which part of the stomach or surrounding skin has been affected by the lump.

During the test, the doctor may ask you to lie on your back and then they can touch parts of your abdomen with mild pressure. With the help of this test, doctors can find out the exact location of the lump and it can also be detected if there is an increase in the size of any part of the abdomen. 

In addition, if you have pain on touching, the doctor also detects the condition during this test.

Pelvic examination and rectal examination may also be necessary in some cases.  

Some types of tests can also be done to determine the cause of a lump in the stomach, such as:

Imaging test:

Some imaging tests are performed to determine the size and exact location of the lump.  With the help of imaging tests, it can be detected which type of lump in the stomach is.  The most commonly used imaging tests for abdominal lumps are:

  • CAT scan (Abdominal computed axial tomography Scan)
  • Stomach x-ray 
  • abdominal ultrasound
  • Abdominal MRI Scan 

Colonoscopy:

If imaging tests do not work, the doctor may need to observe the lump closely.  If the lump is in or around the digestive system, the doctor may suggest colonoscopy.  

During this test, doctors use a microscope instrument such as a thin tube.  This tube is inserted inside the colon of the digestive system and this process is called colonoscopy.

Other tests to check for a lump in the stomach -

Several other types of tests can also be done to check for a lump in the stomach:

Blood tests, such as complete blood count and blood chemistry (blood tests are done to check hormone levels and also to detect infections, etc.)

  • Angiography
  • Barium enema
  • Isotope study
  • Sigmoidoscopy

Abdominal Lump Treatment 

Lump in the stomach is treated mainly on the basis of the cause of the lump. Depending on the cause of the lump, treatment may include medications, operations, and other specific treatment procedures.

Commonly used remedies to remove the lump of stomach such as:

If there is a lump in the abdomen due to hernia, intestinal obstruction or cancer, an operation may be needed to treat such a condition.  A surgical procedure called laparoscopy is often used in this condition. 

During this procedure, the surgery doctor makes a small incision or hole in the patient's abdomen and a device is inserted inside it.  The device is like a thin and flexible tube, with a camera and light at one end, which allows the internal organs of the abdomen to be seen very closely.

Chemotherapy and radiation therapy: Chemotherapy or radiation therapy may also be used to reduce the size of the lump.  When the size of the lump becomes small, doctors may stop chemotherapy and perform an operation and remove it.  This option is often for people who have cancer in their lumps.

Some common causes of stomach lumps (such as ulcers or hematomas) etc. do not require treatment, they heal on their own.

If the lump in the abdomen is caused by a hernia, doctors monitor it for a long period of time to find out if it is growing or there are no other problems.

Certain types of drugs, such as antacids, H2 blockers and proton pump inhibitors, reduce the amount of acid in the stomach, thereby reducing acid reflux symptoms.

Abdominal Lump Complications

If the lump that develops in the stomach is not treated in a timely manner, it can develop many complications, such as:

  • Spreading the infection.
  •  Blockage of small and large intestine.
  •  Urinary and intestinal incontinence.
  •  Ascites.
  •  Cancer spread or metastasis.
  •  If the lump of the stomach is cancerous, it may develop again after treatment.

The lump of the stomach that blocks an organ can damage that organ. If any part of the internal organs is damaged, it may need to be removed with the help of an operation. A lump in the stomach can cause damage to the following organs:

  • The reproductive system is permanently damaged, which can result in infertility.
  •  Kidney permanently damaged
  •  Gall bladder permanent
  •  Permanent liver failure

Medicines for Abdominal Lump 

There are many medications available for stomach lumps.  All these medicines are given below.  But keep in mind that you should not take any medicine without consulting your doctor.  Taking medicines without doctor's advice can cause serious damage to your health.

Name of medicines

  • SBL Sinapis alba Dilution 
  • Schwabe Cupressus lawsoniana CH
  • SBL Sinapis alba Mother Tincture Q 
  • Bjain Sinapis alba Dilution 
  • Schwabe Oxalis acetosella MT
  • SBL Natrum fluoricum Dilution
  • Schwabe Sinapis alba CH 
  • Schwabe Sinapis alba 

OTC Medicines for Abdominal Lump 

There are many medications available for lumps.  All these medicines are given below.  But keep in mind that you should not take any medicine without consulting your doctor.  Taking medicines without doctor's advice can cause serious damage to your health.

Name of OTC medicines

  • Sri Sri Tattva Mahayogaraj Guggulu Tablet Vaidyaratnam Musaleekhadiradi Kashayam 
  • Sri Sri Tattva Sudarshan Vati Tablet 
  • Baidyanath Kankayan Bati Gulm
  • Baidyanath Vishamjwarantak Lauh (Gold)
  • Baidyanath Kankayan Bati Arsh
  • Baidyanath Sanjivani Bati 
  • Baidyanath Tamra Bhasma
  • Avn Kankayana Vati 

Disclaimer: All information and articles available on this site are for educational purposes only.  The information provided here should not be used to diagnose or treat any health related problem or disease without the advice of an expert.  Medical examination and treatment should always be consulted by a qualified physician.

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