What is AIDS ? Important facts about AIDS.

I have been hearing the name of AIDS since childhood but have never seen anyone talk about it openly. Don't know why people hesitate to talk like this. Well leave it, we are not there to give you complete information about AIDS-

What is AIDS ? Important facts about AIDS.

Table of content (TOC)

Key information

  • The world is celebrated as World AIDS Day on 1 December. The International Symbol of AIDS is the "Red Ribbon" which was adopted in 1991.
  • AIDS is so dangerous that 2.5 million people have died so far.
  • AIDS is made up of four words. They are - Acquired, Immuno, Deficiency, and Syndrome.  This means that disease that reduces your body's power to protect itself.
  • HIV means - Human Immunodeficiency Virus.  That is the virus that reduces the power to protect it inside a body.
  • The first case of AIDS was reported in 1959 in the African country of Congo when one person died.  When he was tested for blood, it was found that he had AIDS.
  • The simplest theory related to HIV is called "Hunter Theory". According to this, in the 1930s, a person in Africa was bitten by an infected monkey, who ate the monkey's mass, which caused him to become HIV-positive. After this, it spread due to sexual relations.
  • According to the WHO, 32 million people in the world suffer from HIV. South Africa ranks first in the world in terms of AIDS victims. Here more than ten percent of the total population is suffering from AIDS. Here 4300 people die due to AIDS every day. According to the statistics, 56 lakh people are suffering from AIDS here.
  • The first Hollywood film on AIDS was titled "And the Band Plaid On".
  • HIV viruses can survive for 10–15 days in dry blood even at room temperature (25 ° C).  For example in vaccines or needles.
  • HIV virus is killed when the temperature is above 60 ° C.
  • Cats are very good friends of humans. They also have a disease similar to AIDS, which is called FIV. There is a similarity between HIV and FIV in that the immune system is weakened.
  • The first case of AIDS in India was reported in 1986 in Chennai. This woman got AIDS due to exposure to foreign tourists and lack of proper security.  Explain that within a year of this case, 135 other AIDS-related cases were reported in India.
  • If a girl dies in Swaziland, there is an 80% chance that she will die of AIDS.
  • Every day, 900 new children are falling victim to AIDS all over the world.
  • 1 in 5 patients of AIDS in America is such that they do not know that they are suffering from AIDS.
  • In the African country of Botswana, due to AIDS, the age of people has come from 65 years to 35 years.
  • AIDS is by far the most readable disease.
  • Police in Greece has the right to arrest anyone suspected of having HIV. Not only this, she can get the test done. And can also do homelessness from home.

Some other points about AIDS (H.I.V)

What causes AIDS?

1. Unprotected sex with the victim,

2. from contaminated blood,

3. With contaminated vaccines and needles,

4. The unborn child in the mother's womb and

5. Homosexual relationship.

How can I prevent AIDS?

1. Do not have sex with a victim,

2. Check the blood before plating,

3. Do not use used needles and vaccines again.

Know about AIDS in India

According to a recent study in the British Medical Journal, about 14-16 lakh people in India are affected by HIV / AIDS !!

However, in 2005 it was originally estimated that about 5.5 million people in India could have been infected with HIV / AIDS.

More accurate estimates in 2007 show the number of people affected by HIV / AIDS in India to be around 2.5 million.

These new figures are supported by the World Health Organization and U.N. Aids !!  According to the 2011 AIDS Report of the United Nations, the number of new HIV infections in India has dropped by 50% in the last 10 years !!

Definition of aids

AIDS is defined in two ways, either when the number of CD4 + T cells is less than 200 cells per μL or when a disease is caused in a person's body due to HIV infection.

In the absence of specific treatment, half of the people infected with HIV develop AIDS within ten years !!

The most common initial condition that indicates the presence of AIDS is pneumonitis pneumonia (40%), weakness such as weight loss, muscle cramps, fatigue, loss of appetite, etc. (20%), and soft gel candidiasis (infection of the Grass tube).  ) it occurs.

Apart from this, the common symptom is to have several infections in the respiratory tract too !!

Opportunistic infections can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites that are usually controlled by our immune system.

Different types of infections occur in different people, depending on which organisms or infections are commonly found in the environment around the person !!.

These infections can affect every organ system of the body !!

What is H.I.V?

Around four crores 20 lakh people are currently suffering from HIV.  Of these, two-thirds live in Sahara-bound African countries, and even in the region where it has the highest infection, one in every three adults suffers from it.

With around 14,000 people worldwide suffering from it every day, it has become fearful that it will soon engulf Asia too.

Until effective treatment is found, avoiding AIDS is the best treatment for AIDS.

HIV Spreads through three main routes

By intercourse (anal, vaginal, or oral)
By infected fluids or tissues of the body (blood transfusion or exchange of infected needles)
Mother to infant (by pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding)
Stool, nasal secretions, saliva, sputum, sweat, tears, urine, or vomiting are not at risk of HIV infection unless they are contaminated with HIV-infected blood !!

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