What is OBC Bill 2021 (OBC Reservation Amendment Bill Passed), Reservation, Amendment - Various info

What is OBC Bill 2021 | OBC Reservation Amendment Bill Passed | 127th Constitutional Amendment Bill, Loksbha, Details, Benefits, Side Effects, List, Status (Read in Hindi)

Recently you are hearing about OBC Bill in news, this bill is about giving authority to state government to make OBC list. Which has been passed in Lok Sabha today i.e. on 10th August. Most of the states will get the benefit of this. In fact, till the year 2018, both the central and the state government had prepared the OBC list regarding OBC reservation, but due to the controversy in 2018 and pressure from the opposition parties, the matter went to the Supreme Court. On 5 May 2021, the Supreme Court gave its verdict on this issue. But the central government did not agree with this decision of the court. That's why they have made a new OBC bill. You will get complete information about this bill and what changes will come from it in this article.

What is OBC Bill 2021 | OBC Reservation Amendment Bill Passed | 127th Constitutional Amendment Bill, Loksbha, Details, Benefits, Side Effects, List, Status

Table of contents (toc)

OBC Bill 2021

NameOBC Reservation Bill
bill passedby central cabinet
bill pass houseLok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
bill pass date4 August 2021 and 12 August
BenefitState government will get full right to make OBC list  

What is OBC Bill?

Last month, the Supreme Court had given its decision on preparing the OBC reservation list keeping in mind the 102nd amendment. Therefore, in this bill, first of all, the matter of amendment in the 102nd Act of the Constitution has been clarified. It said that as soon as the bill is passed, the state government will once again get the right to list the OBC group. That is, this bill is an amendment to the 102nd Constitution, which will give the state government the right to prepare the OBC list. This can be called the 127th Constitutional Amendment.

Since 1993, both the central government and the state government used to prepare the OBC list, but due to the amendment in the constitution in 2018, this work was not being done properly. Therefore, the central government has once again passed this bill to implement the old system, so that the changes in the constitution in 2018 can be corrected once again. The government has only one say behind passing this bill that after this the old system will be implemented once again. There will also be changes in Articles 342A and 338B and 366 under this bill.

Why OBC Bill is being brought?

There is only one reason for the government to bring this bill so quickly and so seriously that it can rectify the decision given by the Supreme Court. In fact, on May 5, 2021, the Supreme Court had passed an order regarding the listing and reservation of OBCs. Under which the states will no longer have the right to give reservation in jobs and give admission to those who are socially and educationally backward. To prove its point, the Supreme Court had also banned the reservation of Marathas in Maharashtra by including them in OBCs. The step taken by this Supreme Court had an impact not only on the state government but also on the central government, because neither the state government nor the central government agreed with this order of the Supreme Court! This order of the Supreme Court has been issued keeping in mind the 102nd Constitutional Amendment and Article 342A. The powers and responsibilities of the National Commission for Backward Classes under both these laws have been described in the 102nd Constitutional Amendment. Not only this, Article 342A also empowers the Parliament to make a list of backward castes, that is, to make a list of OBCs.

Since this order has been passed by the Supreme Court accordingly, so the central government has no hand in it, but the opposition party is still accusing the central government of spoiling the system. Therefore, this is also believed to be one of the reasons that the central government is passing this bill to quash the allegation.

Benefits of OBC Bill

By passing this bill maximum benefit or u say state government will get its benefit. The passing of this bill will have the following benefits -

  • The state government will be able to freely put people in the OBC quota on the basis of different castes according to their state.
  • With the passage of this bill, the old law will come into force once again, under which both the state government and the central government will get the right to prepare the OBC list.
  • After this bill, Marathas in Maharashtra, Jats in Haryana, Patels in Gujarat, Gurjars in Rajasthan, Lingayats in Karnataka etc. will get OBC reservation.
  • After the passage of this bill, the Supreme Court will not be able to interfere in any way on the reservation.
  • Since the passing of this bill will benefit both the state government and the central government, so the opposition parties are also supporting this bill.

Disadvantages of OBC Bill (Side Effects)

Although no exaggeration is being shown after the release of this bill, but some opposition parties and the Supreme Court may have trouble with it. Because the state government is benefiting from this bill, so they are not giving any opinion on it.

Supreme Court's decision on passing the OBC Bill

The Supreme Court is yet to decide on the passage of the bill. The Supreme Court, in its final judgment on 5 May 2021, dismissed the Centre's plea and then submitted it to the Parliament after choosing the right to prepare the OBC list from the state government.

Current Status of OBC Bill

Expressing its dissatisfaction with the Supreme Court's decision on 4 August, the Union Cabinet drafted the Constitution Amendment Bill, which was introduced in the Lok Sabha on 9 August.  And it has been passed in the Lok Sabha with a majority on August 10. Soon it will be made a law by getting it passed by the Rajya Sabha and the President.

Therefore, in this way, under this bill, the central government is giving back the power to the states and union territories to make their OBC list, which was with them before the change in the constitution in 2018.


Q : What is OBC Bill 2021?

Ans : To empower the State Governments to prepare the OBC list of their state.

Q : Which law of the constitution has been amended in the OBC bill?

Ans : With the passage of this bill, amendments have been made in the 102nd Act of the Constitution.

Q : Who has passed the OBC bill?

Ans : The central government has passed this bill.

Q : Which Articles of the Constitution are being amended in the OBC Bill?

Ans : With the passage of this bill, Articles 342A, 338B and 366 of the Constitution will be amended.

Q : How many OBC MPs are there in Parliament?

Ans : Around 39 %

Q : How much reservation has been provided to OBCs?

Ans : 50%

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